Sticks in the Mud

 In response to last week’s Hoodoo post, and inspired by her word-verification spirit guide Veridu, Strifemonger Never Moon wrote:
“My fave is the retroactive justification: ‘This is mine now, and I am going to dig up horribly shaky non-credible evidence to point out that it was never yours in the first place.'”To which I replied:

“AARRRGH, Druid Sticks!”

So as not to be mistaken as aphasic, I should probably give another quick lecture on geomancy.

Geomantic divination originated sometime between the 9th and 10th centuries in North Africa, spread to the Arabic world, and, over time, found its way to a very Christian Western Europe during the Crusades. As a divinatory system, it’s about as non-Pagan as you can get. However, because of its relative obscurity (at least when compared to Tarot or runes), geomancy has become an easy target for enterprising authors looking for occult subject matter to mash up and spoon-feed to NeoPagan consumers.

A couple of years ago, one of the members of the Geomantic Campus e-mail list posted a link to a set of “druid sticks” she’d found online, and my co-moderator (who is, among other things, a Druid) remarked, “Well, yes, they’re pretty, but WTF?” Being an investigative, scholarly bunch, we dug around and eventually uncovered a 1995 book called Omens, Oghams & Oracles.

From the publisher’s breathless review:

“Although hundreds of books have been written about the Celts and the druids, no book has focused exclusively on Celtic divination–until now. Omens, Oghams & Oracles covers the most important and practical methods of divination in the Celtic and druidic traditions, two of which have never before been published: an original system of divining using the druidic Ogham characters, and ‘Arthurian divination,’ which employs a geomantic oracle called druid sticks.”

Okay. I’m not druidically-minded myself, and I’m fully aware of how little we really know about the ancient druids. That said, I have a sneaking suspicion our wise Celtic ancestors were not up to speed on Islamic methods of prophecy. And what the hell is “Arthurian divination” anyway? If you can’t pull the sword from the stone, is the answer to your question no?

Historical falsifications aside, the “druid sticks” are actually useful. They’ve each got one dot on one side and two dots on the other, so toss four of them on the ground, and boom, instant geomantic figure. Unfortunately, many of the basic interpretations of the geomantic forms presented in this book are watered down to the point where they barely mean anything at all, ensuring that any attempted reading will be inaccurate at best. For example, the figure that traditionally indicates dishonesty, anger and manipulative sexuality is translated as a time for contemplation.

Ew.

Back on the list, the geomancers traded Celtic Oracle wisecracks for awhile before officially banning the term “druid sticks” and moving on to other topics. Until a few months later, that is, when I decided to check out the weekly Reading Circle hosted by a metaphyiscal shop on the outskirts of town.

The idea behind a Reading Circle is that everyone brings his or her favorite form of divination and reads for each other, just to get some practice and hone skills. I ran several geomantic charts, and while most went over well, one of them just tanked: Nothing but random dots on a page, no decent insight whatsoever. I expected the guy getting the reading to be disappointed, so his growing excitement over the whole experience struck me as odd.

“This is so similar to how we teach Ogham in our Druid class!” he exclaimed.

“Really?” I asked, because I’m oblivious. “How so?”

“Well,” he said, “We have these little sticks, see, with one dot on one side and two dots on the other…”

If we listen very closely, we’ll be able to hear Bo’s head explode.

 

Comments:

Something I wrote on Ogam:

‘The Old Irish word properly refers to an native Irish alphabet of strokes or notches designed to be incised on stone, and probably wood, attested as inscriptions from the 5th to the 6th centuries in Ireland, and perhaps also from the late 4th. The origin of the letters has been much-debated: the current scholarly consensus is that the distribution of the letters in the system is derives from the classification of letters found in Latin grammarians of the 1st-4th centuries AD, and thus is an imitation of Latin literacy, as indeed is the custom of inscribing stone monuments. The inscriptions, usually border markers or grave memorials, often in the form [The stone of] X son of Y’, mostly occur in a broad band across southern Ireland and areas of Irish settlement in southern Wales, always in the Irish language. The writing of other Celtic languages in ogham is completely ahistorical, with the exception of occasional examples of Pictish use of the script. The name was related by the medieval Irish themselves to Ogma, one of the champions of the Tuatha Dé Danann or former Irish gods, who was supposed to have devised the alphabet.

Due to the eccentric theories of the poet Robert Graves in The White Goddess (1948), it is common among druids to regard the script as a mystical or occult ‘tree alphabet’, because a minority of the letters are named after trees. The tree-link is probably a red-herring: Damian McManus showed in A Guide to Ogam (Maynooth, 1991), pp. 35-43, that most of the names are not, in fact, trees, and never have been. Further, the idea that the alphabet is a tree-calendar, in which each tree/letter corresponds to a lunar month, has developed, and even spawned a kind of ersatz Celtic astrology, in which the ‘tree-months’ are imagined as resembling the signs of the zodiac. All these are modern concepts. There is also nothing in particular to link the script to the pre-Christian druids of Ireland, though it is not unlikely that as the pagan educated class they were familiar with it around the time of conversion. It *may* have been used for a kind of divination: certain early Irish sagas suggest this, However, said sagas are giving a fictional portrayal of a pre-Christian Ireland, as imagined by early medieval Churchmen, and I suspect that the idea of ogam-letter divination – which is not a widespread topos in the material – may have been inspired by Irish encounters with rune-divining Viking invaders, who were pestering the island at the very time when these sagas were being redacted. In all, the concept of ogham as a sacred, druidic alphabet and calendar is deeply-entrenched among modern pagans and almost entirely fictitious.’

 

Thalia Took said…

The little sticks with the dots are reminding me quite strongly of the ancient Egyptian throwing sticks, used with games like senet to determine the move, like dice. I mean, in the shape of them, anyway.

Let’s see if I can find a link to a picture so you know what I’m talking about.

Here we are (about halfway down the page). They are flat on one side and rounded on the other, and have little jackal-heads on one end and what have always looked like fingernails to me on the other.

I mean, that’s kind of neither here nor there, but I think they’re cool-looking.

Evn said…

Ooh, wait, pardon me, gotta correct you on one thing. Druid sticks actually trace back two decades earlier than the 1990’s.

From Paul Huson’s Mastering Witchcraft, pub. 1970:

“I shall now move on to a simple type of witch divination, which you as a beginner would be well advised to learn. The operation is known by the name of Casting the Runes.

“Divination by rune sticks is one of the most ancient and celebrated witch methods of prognostication we have. The process dates back certainly to Druidic times and probably before. It is a very good example of a method of augury, that is, prediction or knowledge gained by signs and omens, as opposed to that of the inner vision as employed when scrying in a show stone or mirror.

“Basically the rune sticks consist of four flat slats of fruitwood–apple, pear, cherry, plum, hazel, rowan, or any other wood if you cannot obtain these. But they must be wood. They should be about five inches in length by about a quarter to a half inch in width. Finish off the rough edges and make the rods smooth and comfortable to the touch. Sprinkle them with salt and water and fumigate with a Mercurial incense within a properly cast circle. Now, using your brush and paint of art, make a large and obvious dot on one side of each of them, centrally located. When the paint has dried, turn the rods over and make two large dots on the other side of them, spaced so that the gaps between the dots themselves and the ends of the rod are all equal, in fact, so that the rods are marked into three equal segments by two dots.

“These are your rune sticks. You should carry them about with you for a period of time before you use them to charge them with your magnetism, or witch power.”

 

John Michael Greer said…

Actually, there are a couple of surviving medieval Irish Ogham handbooks that allow most Irish Ogham texts to be read (not the Pictish ones, though — they’re in some non-Indo-European language, either that or absolute gibberish).

There are also a couple of references in medieval Irish sources that suggest Ogham might have been used for general divinatory purposes. Do we know how? Not a chance. All modern Ogham divination systems are either descended from the work of Colin Murray, who invented a system out of his head in the 1970s, or are even more recent.

As for “Druid sticks,” well, most Druids of my acquaintance use sticks for a variety of purposes, such as thwacking overly dogmatic Celtic Reconstructionists over the head when they yell themselves hoarse because our imaginative reinvention of Druid spirituality is older and less academically fashionable than their imaginative reinvention of Druid spirituality. Still, I’m pretty sure that “druid sticks” in the sense of popsicle sticks for geomantic divination are a mid-1990s invention, for the sole purpose of making dowdy old geomancy look more palatable for a Neopagan audience.

 

Never Moon said…

But Evn! The wisdom of the ancients is so much more valuable than ANYTHING anyone comes up with nowadays. The spiritual journey of those long dead are the only true paths to nirvana/ heaven/ enlightenment/ true happiness/ fulfillment. The spiritual journeys of modern people could never produce insight into realms of the profound.

Also, I am not up on my linguistic breakthroughs, but I’m pretty sure Ogham is still untranslated… making religion and/or divination and/or ummm, anything based on the language pretty much impossible.

 

 

 

 

Women are fat, always.

 I just saw the most fucked up commercial

It was an ad for a hotel chain, who, for the purposes of this blog, shall remain nameless. The premise is that a group of corporate business types are having breakfast at their hotel before heading out for an important meeting. One of them, Boss Guy, gives a hearty pep talk, then directs his attention to an attendee named Wilson.

[The camera pans to Wilson. Wilson’s a big boy; tall and doughy; no perceivable neck.]

Apparently, the airline has lost Wilson’s luggage, and as such, Wilson has nothing to wear to the important meeting. But no worries, because Wilson and Brenda…

[The camera pans to Brenda: she’s about 5’5″ in heels, slim and healthy.]

…Wilson and Brenda are the same size. So Wilson is wearing one of Brenda’s blouses, and everyone is telling him how good he looks in it. How (I’m not making this up) slimming the blouse is. Being a poly-blend and all.

Let’s break this down, just to make sure everyone caught the important part. The tall, doughy man and the short, slim woman are the same size. That is, they wear the same size in clothes. On account of she’s lean, but not anorexic. And he’s overweight. So, you know, same difference.

Not to make crass generalizations, but this sums up a big huge chunk of what is wrong with… well, everything.

Oracle Anxiety

So apparently, I’ve developed a reputation as a seer. And I’m not sure how I feel about that. But it’s all geomancy’s fault.

Since I’ve mentioned geomancy a couple of times in the past, I should probably explain what it actually is. At its core, geomancy is a binary system of divination: a question is asked, and in response random numbers are generated (traditionally by making marks in sand or on paper, but dice and playing cards work well, too). These numbers are broken down to even and odd, represented by two dots or one dot, arranged into a series of figures, and plugged into an astrological chart. You end up with something like this:


The chart is interpreted based on the individual meanings of the figures, their positions and how they interact with one another. And even though you’re just looking at a bunch of dots, a story becomes clear, with its own introduction, exposition, climax and conclusion.

In theory, geomantic divination is a lot like that scene in The Matrix, where Cypher explains the stream of strange, green symbols on his monitor: “I don’t even see the code. All I see is blonde, brunette, red-head.” But in practice, it’s like that scene in Lady in the Water, where a roomful of panicky people hang on the words of a little kid who has been charged with delivering a crucial message in a life-or-death situation, but must do so by interpreting the images on cereal boxes.

I don’t doubt that I have a talent for geomancy, and I don’t doubt that, after studying this system of divination for a number of years, I’ve got a decent level of skill. What I doubt is my ability to deal with the pressure that comes with reading for others, as well as the pressure that comes with consistent accuracy.

I started actively reading for friends a few months back, and word spread fairly quickly amongst my acquaintances. At this point, I get a call or an e-mail requesting a reading at least once every other week or so, and while I’m always happy to do it, I sometimes worry that the acquaintance in question might make a critical decision based solely on me playing metaphysical connect-the-dots. And I sometimes worry that I haven’t provided enough information, or that I’ve provided too much information. It’s kind of mortifying when one of my readings hits the nail on the head, but the readee’s fingers are still in the way.

Oh, and speaking of: what the introductory “Divination for Dummies” books never tell you is that a spot-on, all-pistons-firing, oh-my-Gods-how-did-you-know-that reading is fucking freaky. It’s one thing to give a yes/no answer to a “Should I or shouldn’t I…” type of question. It’s something else entirely to go all clairvoyant and blurt out facts that should simply not be accessible via a collection of indiscriminate marks on a piece of paper. Makes my inner logician want to pack up shop and head back to Protestantism.

But this is where coven-based Witchcraft comes in handy. Whenever I freak myself out with a reading, I call Co-Witch A., who freaks out right along with me, acting as my personal cheerleader and offering solidarity through mutual hysteria. Then I call Co-Witch B., who calms me down and thumps me upside the head if I start pulling a prophet schtick. After that, I call Co-Witch Y., who sympathizes capitalistically:

“True psychic experiences, especially unexpected ones, can be really, really unnerving,” she’ll say. “Which is why you should be charging $40 a pop.”

And usually, this makes me feel better. However, the last time I had a geomantic meltdown, I decided to give the Witches a break and called Apocrypha Jones, Mistress of the Postmodern Occult.

In addition to being my best friend since before I could legally drink, Apocrypha’s been reading Tarot for nigh on twenty years, so flashes of insight from the Beyond are as nothing to her. She kept silent while I ranted for a few minutes, then cut me off.

“Evn, listen. As long as I’ve known you, you’ve had a divinatory urge, and you tried system after system, but none of them really grabbed you until geomancy.”

“Well, yeah,” I said, not quite clear where she was going.

“Think of it like photography,” she continued. “You’ve just been putting the wrong filters over your camera lens. It makes sense that the filter that finally worked for you would really work.”

I wasn’t sure what to say, but it did make sense.

“Besides, you’re a Virgo. Earth signs tend to be late bloomers.”

I took her word for that. But overall, I think she’s right. If I’ve always had this push to find a system of divination, then it’s probably because I’m supposed to be divining. Maybe, instead of having anxiety attacks every time I give an accurate reading, I should accept that I’m doing something I’m called to do–something at which I’m gifted, that can ultimately benefit other people. In fact, if any Loyal Strifemongers ever want a reading of their own, let me know and we’ll see what happens.

But it’ll cost you $40. Cash up front.

On Abandoning Wicca – a Preface

Last week, Thalia noted that across the blogosphere, a number of Pagans, specifically Wiccans, are re-evaluating their beliefs, and, in some cases, walking away from them. I’ve got mixed emotions about this phenomenon. On the one hand, I’m always happy when people can be honest with themselves. On the other, it’s sad to witness disillusionment. On the other (I’ve got, like, five hands), it bothers me that the people who are currently “outgrowing” Wicca seem to be blaming the religion itself for not offering enough spiritual support.

The thing is, if you need your religion to pat you on the back and tell you you’re a good person and offer an incorporeal mug of hot cocoa every time you’re feeling lonely or insecure… why the hell are you practicing Witchcraft in the first place?

That bit of cattiness aside, I want to be as careful as I can when approaching this topic, a) because there are a lot of issues at play here, and it’s going to take time to properly sort them; and b) because I’d rather not offend or alienate any of my Loyal Strifemongers along the way. So I’m thinking I’m going to write a series of posts on the situation at hand (that’s four), rather than tackling the whole thing in one fell swoop.

We’ll be covering some interesting ground over the next month or so. For now, suffice it to say that the modern Witchcraft revival is a lot deeper than its perceived failings.

More to follow.

Witch by Design

Jack’s on a business trip right now, so I feel comfortable making a public announcement, knowing he won’t read this and have an aneurism until at least Thursday afternoon.

I want to become a NeoPagan interior designer.

Okay, yes, I freely admit that my taste levels have been questioned in the past. And I also admit that I’ve been watching too many reality competitions on the Bravo network while thinking, “You know, that doesn’t look so hard. Slap on a fresh coat of paint, bring in a new sofa set, help Kelly Wearstler remember how to use the muscles in her face… child’s play.”

But I did briefly work in the industry. And I’m looking at how the triptych of equal-armed Celtic crosses next to our sliding back door blends brilliantly with the ceramic decorations on our balcony. I’m looking at how the reproduction I picked up at the Museum of Fine Arts compliments my green devil Maurin Quina print (which, in turn, compliments Jack’s Cafés Chocolats). I’m looking at how the framed pieces of artwork leading to our bedroom–as well as the magnets on our refrigerator–create captivating, viable eyelines.

Even Jack will agree with me here. When I came home with a set of yin-yang candle holders, he rolled his eyes: “Great, just what we need. More crap.” Then, five minutes later, after he saw them installed in the master bathroom: “My God, they set off the shower curtain beautifully!

Oooh, and back when Jack’s brother lived with us, I had to move my altar into the living room. With a few subtle, well-placed religious symbols and a couple of pillar candles from Target, I created a practical, accessible devotional space that, at first glance, came across as an innocuous end table with some thoughtfully arranged knick-knacks on top. It totally fooled Co-Witch A., and she knows from altars.

I’m good. I could so do this.

All I need is some rich patrons to get me off the ground.

And I think I know how to find them.

When it comes to NeoPagan retail, the Houston area is cursed with abundance. There’s the Magick Cauldron, Elemental Magick, Simply Magick, Lucia’s Garden, Metaphysical Matrix, Rhyandra’s, Tranquil Thymes, Temple’s Gate and the Witchery, plus (should your occultism lean towards the Diasporic) the Blue Hand, the Stanley Drug Co., Botanica Elegua and thirty or so yerberias. But there’s also a New Age boutique, located in one of the city’s high-end shopping district, which caters specifically to wealthy socialites who want their country club acquaintances to think of them spiritual: Antique singing bowls, $3000 statues of Kwan Yin, The Secret on DVD, that sort of thing.

Those socialites are my moneymakers.

Here’s my business model. I get a part-time job at the boutique, learn enough about Feng Shui to sound like I know what I’m talking about, and make astute décor recommendations to the clientele decked out in diamonds and Hermés peasant skirts. People will talk (“He changed my life! And the billiard room!”), customers will start asking for me, and eventually, someone will want to know if I’d be so kind as to redo their summer home.

The rest, as they say, will be gravy. High-end gravy.

Look for me on Bravo, circa 2010. I’m going to be the next new thing, possums; I’m going to own this town. And I’m bringing you all along with me.

Evn on the Eve of the Election

My polling station is a Catholic Church a couple of blocks over from my apartment complex. After placing my vote, I ducked into the sanctuary for a quick prayer.

I will admit to feeling a little guilty about praying to the Goddess of the Witches in the middle of a Catholic Church. But they’ve got this amazing, floor-to-ceiling Queen of Heaven mosaic along the back wall, depicting the Virgin Mary in the standard Artemis at Ephesus pose, that frankly couldn’t get any more Pagan if they tacked a “Please Remove Clothes Before Venerating” sign to it. So I figure no harm done.

I did not, as my Strifemongers might assume, pray for Obama to win. It just was my usual daily devotion, albeit carried out in a different venue. However, I did make a deal.

If Obama wins…

[Jack, you’re going to want to sit down for this one.]

If Obama wins, I promise to stop expressing my political views in ways that mortally offend the people around me.

For example, I will no longer scream, “Fuck you! Fuck you, I hate you!” at the television while Jack is trying to watch the news. I will no longer make proclamations like, “I don’t care what you think: If he willingly represents the entire republican party, then he is, in fact, a bad person.” I will no longer suggest that the world would be a better place if Sarah Palin were to be eaten by wolves.

So that’s my offering; my sacrifice. I agree to muzzle myself, so long as the situation at hand resolves itself in a truly necessary change.

That said, should things work themselves out otherwise, I have free reign to develop a spontaneous, acute and unstoppable case of Tourette’s, the likes of which this world has never seen.

So, for me, it’s win/win. But I’d prefer things get better for everyone.

Moon Worship and the Modern Witch

“Happy Assumption!” I said to my Eastern Orthodox employee as she sat down at her desk. Today is the Feast of the Assumption, after all, marking the date that the Virgin Mary ascended into Heaven from her house in Ephesus, Turkey. Which, according to legend, is where she moved after she retired, Ephesus being the Florida of the first-century Jewish world.

E.O. looked confused for a second, but then her brow cleared. “Oh, you mean the Dormition! Thanks! Happy Dormition to you, too!”

“Dormition?” It was my turn to look confused.

“We call it the Dormition instead of the Assumption.” she explained. “Catholics believe that Mary was bodily assumed, and we believe that she… well, you know, died. But she definitely went to Heaven after that.”

Yeah, not quite as romantic as the Catholic version. What I (wisely) decided not to mention is that the early Church fathers scheduled the Assumption/Dormition/Whatever on August 15 in order to replace the Nemoralia, the ancient Roman Festival of Torches held annually in honor of Diana, Great Goddess of the Moon.

Eight Sabbats and thirteen Esbats aside, the Nemoralia is my favorite holiday. I’ve got a little altar set up in my bedroom, featuring a framed print of Erté’s Queen of the Night and a couple of Virgin Mary votive candles (La Virgen de Guadalupe y La Virgen de San Juan respectively, both easy to find when you live in South Texas), and every August 15, I rededicate it as a shrine to Diana. It’s a ritual that’s become a personal touchtone, and I get unreasonably giddy about it.

Granted, me huddled over a small chest of drawers in the corner of an urban apartment doesn’t have the same visual impact as, say, hundreds of devotees wreathed in flowers, carrying torches, led by garlanded hounds and waiting with baited breath to be ferried across the smooth, dark waters of Lake Nemi under the bathing rays of the Full Moon. But I’ll light some jasmine incense and say a few prayers, and pour an offering of willow water. And for a fleeting, lovely moment, time, space and my ugly tan carpet will be rendered irrelevant.

Buon Nemoralia, Loyal Strifemongers. Happy Assumption, Merry Dormition, and to all a good night.

Nobody here but us Pagans. I mean, chickens.

One of the big chewy beefs a lot of NeoPagans have with Christianity involves assimilation: the idea that over the centuries, Christians undermined local folk and nature religions by incorporating their practices and turning their Gods into saints. “St. Bridget was originally Brigid, the Goddess of Fire and Poetry,” the NeoPagans will aver, possibly pounding on a table to accentuate their point. “Until the Church Christianized her.”

The thing is, assimilation isn’t really the Church’s MO–historically, it’s always leaned more towards smash-and-grab. So let’s take a quick gander at the Real and For True (insofar as I think it’s true) process by which Pagan deities wind up as Christian saints:

Christian: “Hey! Are you people worshipping false idols?”

Pagan: “Oh no, of course not. We’re… uh, we’re venerating… Catherine. Saint Catherine.”

Christian: “Are you sure? That statue looks a lot like Cerridwen, the Welsh Mother Goddess I’ve been reading about.”

Pagan: “No, it’s definitely St. Catherine. She’s, um, new. We checked.”

Christian: “Well, as long as she’s a saint…. carry on, then.”

Pagan: “Right. Blessed be.

Christian: “Excuse me?”

Pagan: “I said, Amen.”

Ain’t that sneaky? Those Medieval Pagans sure were a plucky bunch of unbaptized savages. Now, as to how Brigid became St. Bridget…

Priestess 1: “Uh oh. The Christians are back.”

Priestess 2: “You know, I’ll bet if we tell them we’re all nuns now, they won’t start stabbing us again.”

Priestess 1: “That’s just crazy enough to work.”

Better than a Ricola

February 3 is the feast day of St. Blaise, protector of livestock and healthy throats, and patron of those who work with wool. On this day, Catholic priests perform the Blessing of the Throats. Two white tapers, blessed the day before (February 2, i.e. Candlemas, i.e. the Feast of St. Brigit, i.e. the Pagan festival of Imbolc) are crossed into an “X” formation, then tied together with red cord and held against the throat, while a traditional invocation to Blaise is recited:

Ain’t no other man can stand up next to you,
Ain’t no other man on the planet does what you do. (What you do!)
You’re the kind of guy a girl finds in a blue moon. (hey)
You got soul (yeah), you got class (ohh).
You got style, you bad ass (Oh Yeah!)
Ain’t no other man it’s true (all right)
Amen

[guitar solo]

Blaise is one of the 14 Holy Helpers, a group of legendary saints invoked against the Black Plague during the Middle Ages, all of whom are Christianized perceptions of older Pagan Gods. Veneration of Blaise traces back to the Slavic horned deity Veles (whose name means “wool”), God of earth, water, cattle, magic, wealth and the Underworld. It’s fairly obvious to see why Blaise is the patron of livestock and woolworkers, although the healthy throats thing seems to come out of nowhere. But according to legend, a little girl was choking on a fish bone, and Blaise miraculously saved her–possibly by miraculously whacking her on the back until she miraculously yacked it up.

If you look at photos of priests blessing throats, you’ll notice that they grip the candles with one hand, in a manner suspiciously reminiscent of la mano cornuta contro il malocchio, i.e. the corna, i.e. “Hook ’em Horns,” i.e. that hand gesture people make at Metallica concerts. Historically, the corna is a symbol of protection, used to ward off bad luck and the evil eye… or, in this case, to ward off the evil throat.

So, to sum up, making the sign of the horns and invoking a wooly God of the Underworld is good for what ails ye, provided the whole thing takes place under the auspices of Jesus.

Don’t you just love Catholics? I know I do.

Happy Vappu To You

Tonight is the Eve of Beltane, an ancient Celtic fire festival marking the end of the first planting and the beginning of Summer, and in current times one of the big annual NeoPagan holidays (the others being Samhain, Lammas and Presidents’ Day). Beltane Eve is also called Walpurgis Night, a name I truly adore. I love saying “Walpurgis.” Try it: Walpurgis Walpurgis Walpurgis. Isn’t that a fun word? Or, even better, “Walpurgisnacht.” Oooh, but that’s a satisfying series of consonants. If you hit them right, you’ll totally clear your sinuses.

The name Walpurgis (“Walpurgisnacht!” “Gesundheit!”) derives from St. Walburga, who’s feast day falls on May 1. St. Walburga’s an actual historical figure, but she has a whole bunch of Pagan baggage attached to her–most notably, she’s one of five saints to whom legend assigns the Grain Miracle, which is in itself a remnant of pre-Christian agrarian ritual. Ah, to have been a fly on the thinly-veneered wall back then:

Medieval priest – “What have I told you people about venerating Pagan idols?!”

Medieval Pagans – “We’re not. We promise. We’re just celebrating the fact that St. Walburga had the power to make the grain grow as she passed by, which was a miracle and certainly not any kind of ancient fertility magic.”

Medieval priest – “Oh. Um, I see. It just looked… I mean, what with the corn dollies and orgies and all… well, you know…”

Medieval Pagans – “It was an honest mistake. We understand.”

Medieval priest – “Good, good, I’m glad we’re on the same page. So I’ll see you all on Sunday for the feast of St. Phallus the Foliate-Headed?”

Medieval Pagans – “Sho ’nuff, boss.”

Other names for Beltane include Vappu (see title of this post), May Day, and my all-time favorite… Varbolg. I am unable to speak the word Varbolg. Anytime I try, it comes out as a deep-throated shout, followed by a raucous demand for wenches and grog.

And strangly enough, I have the exact same reaction when I try to say “Pentecost.” I was the crappiest Episcopalian ever.

Varbolg!